China’s reform and opening more than 20 years, GDP annual growth rate of 9.5, is the world’s fastest-growing countries, the speed of the world economy over the same period the average annual growth rate of 3 times. China has more than Italy, to become the world’s sixth largest economy. Per capita income of urban residents in 1978 from 344 yuan to 6280 yuan in 2000, increased 17 times. Per capita income of rural residents in 1978 from 134 yuan to 2,253 yuan in 2000, an increase of 16 times. The last century since the 80’s the Chinese society overflowing with positive
Atmosphere, the Government hard, those in power to the people for their own happy heart, and its published policies, from agriculture to the responsibility of township enterprises, probably good advice.
China, how will the next 20 years? It is full of optimism. Professor Lin Yifu of China’s economists believe that the United States “to maintain a long-term growth rate of 3% is quite good, while China’s economy can no longer maintain the 30 years of 8% -10 rapid growth. It goes on like this, before the mid-21st century China’s economy is entirely possible for the United States as the world’s largest, most powerful economy. ”
Deepen the reform tasks Road
China really can be in the 21st century to the early or mid-late back to the peak of its peak it? Wait a minute! Projection implies a more lasting prosperity enjoyed by the Chinese assumption.
Why China has enjoyed 20 years of prosperity? Is that we have the courage to deepen their reform. Chinese society has experienced three great pains.
The pain is the first time in 1978, the typical signs are buried “two whatevers” and “quadruple” the introduction, we began quietly bid farewell to “personality cult” prelude.
The second time the pain was in 1992, Deng Xiaoping’s southern tour allows us to address “non-controversial” to bid farewell to the “plan of worship.”
The pain is the third time in 2001, China became a member of the World Trade Organization and other initiatives will allow us in the self-evident in the bid an emotional farewell to “worship of ownership.” We are drifting further and further away, but behind the prosperity of the various factors of instability are also emerging. China has gone through 20 years on a “quadruple” and “controversy” as the tone of the progressive reform, this program has continued for 20 years.
China can look forward to another 20 years of prosperity?
The problem is that the past 20 years China’s political ecology and economic environment has been a drastic change, China needs new thinking, a prosperity and to ensure that China does not abandon the overall thinking away, behind the prosperity of all China instability. Is quietly emerging. The next 20 years, has been impossible to use double like the “livelihood” target, “the people’s livelihood,” the result of the need to reaffirm and implement the spirit of the Constitution. But, after all, we have outlined the future development of China’s economic size of the different conclusions, should not affect our position on China’s current stage of development of a clear understanding, from the measure of a country’s level of development of key indicators – per capita GDP, China is still in a very low level. GDP per capita in 1999 was only 780 U.S. dollars, ranked No. 140 in the world weep, 2.5% of the United States. China’s economy is just emerging from poverty, and its future path of a long way to go. China is a wonderful mixture, if we only see the bustling metropolis, and have not seen wrapped in a thin shell of the modernization of all the discord, it will have a misunderstanding. Can not go back to China, but China’s future 20 years go? This scene is almost like “Norwegian Forest” at the end as a deep impression: where are you now? Where I now?
Why is important to protect property rights
We believe that the next 20 years, China needs to go beyond the goal of quadrupling the people’s livelihood such, is bound to continue to improve the livelihood of the people to civil rights. In short, the next 20 years is China, a strategic center must be established that the Government in pursuit of full employment as the center; and strategic means are two basic points: one said, to protect the property rights of citizens; second is to protect citizens the right to education.
Why it is necessary to full employment as the center?
15-20 China’s future, the macroeconomic always running in the face of strong pressure on employment, of course, the inevitable need for the creation of employment-based economic growth. But the reason why economic growth is necessary to abandon the seven or eight of the fragile mentality. If it is simply marked for self-growth, then growth will appear to dry up security Ze and fishing, damage the interests of enterprises and public phenomenon. Only in pursuit of full employment as the goal, to eliminate the most serious social instability. Hundreds of millions of people how to live their jobs? This will be an almost impossible task but it must be completed.
Why it is necessary to protect property rights? In fact, the protection of property rights is the protection of civil rights.
We can see from the analysis of social classes, workers are unable to control their own income, and state-owned enterprises for several decades old seniority workers have been able to put up with long-term low-wage, it is believed that after aging, there are old-age pension, medical care, housing and other security, or state-owned enterprises and contract workers to be self-evident, only a meager wages disposable parts and a variety of security is not dominant, but by people like the efficiency of this approach is not part of disposable income a low price.
Farmers are unable to control their own income, and various kinds of “unreasonable burden of fees and charges” and are collected in their respective high-sounding reasons for free to farmers under the cover of the redistribution of income.
Government officials or leaders of state-owned enterprises can not control their own income, said the job was not clear consumer has never been strictly defined in its income.
We can also come from the economic analysis of the type. To the private sector as an example, China’s private economy from the 20th century and early 80’s beginners beginning of the gap in the traditional system and the silence from the mainstream society to grow up in tenacity. China’s economy has created a state-owned, funded and private economic situation the three. Trillion in economic output over the private sector, the private sector to absorb laid-off workers in recent years and half, and its promotion of China’s economic growth and social stability of the significance of which can not be ignored. However, the legitimacy of private property rights has been to clarify the case? 1988 “People’s Republic of China Amendment to the Constitution” clearly “private economy” concept, recognized as “the socialist public economy”, the legal status of private economy; in 1997 the party’s “big 15” will be non-public economy by added status to the socialist market economy, an important part. Tracing to its source but, public property is sacred, whether it is the inviolability of private property rights have not been the express.
The next 20 years, if we think of non-state-owned enterprises and individual property rights can be ignored, then the legality of retroactive property can only be a state-owned, it means that we have the acquiescence or connivance of the Government and the disposal of all social wealth! Therefore, there is no protection of property rights, China does not exist and obligations of ownership of the citizens, but only the existence of “man” and “subjects”; not to protect property rights, government reform does not exist in China’s pressure and power, and will only make the state-owned economy continued dependence on non-state-owned economic development.
China’s economic legislation in the last century 80’s and 90’s made huge strides in civil law, criminal law, company law, and other aspects of the patent system in place gradually resuming. China’s accession to the WTO negotiation process so that the Chinese government to make credible commitments. WTO rules require non-discrimination, judicial independence, a third party arbitration, the rules of the game transparent, stable, fair and credible. The next 20 years, we have ways to protect property rights? I am afraid that the need to reaffirm the dignity of the Constitution, which reaffirmed that all power belongs to the people. In addition to the legislative and the judiciary, the ministries charged with the laws and regulations must be self-authorized self-declared null and void, all kinds of must also go beyond the law repealed. And “Property Law”, “Civil Code” and then not be delayed any further.
Why the need to safeguard the right to education
Inadequate investment in basic education is increasing rural poverty, the root cause of growing unemployment, and even China has not become the source of power. High-quality national team of China’s economy as a whole, an absolute wealth is extremely expensive.
People are always surprised by Germany, Japan, in the “World War II,” the economy to recover quickly, and have neglected the war destroyed while their material wealth, but the quality is still the fact that the National! Big country like China, to let people raise the per capita number of years of education a year, I am afraid to spend 2.5 trillion yuan needs to make the overall level of high school graduates, according to the current investment in education, I am afraid that at least 25 years!
As early as 1987, China formulated the Compulsory Education Law, promulgated in 1995 and Education Act, is puzzling since education remains a serious deficit. For a per capita GDP remains at a level in low and middle income countries, education is undoubtedly investment funds should be focused on education and vocational education, which is South Korea, Singapore and other countries of human resources to dramatically improve the standard of the reasons.
Our calculations show that in primary and secondary schools and kindergartens, not by the state’s financial share of the funding allocated for 69%, 76%, 60%. Input from the education in terms of funding, it shows a tendency to attach importance to primary and secondary education, from primary to higher education in a total of more than 600 million of this funding gap is still obvious. At present, the general secondary school students in education spending per capita is 1400 yuan; per capita funding for primary and secondary school students amounts to roughly 660 million; kindergarten funding is about 166 yuan per capita. In rural areas, especially in poor rural areas a serious shortage of investment in education, basic education is still a lack of reliable funding sources, resulting in the following counties and townships have had various names through a variety of fees to supplement the inadequacy of funding for education. Agricultural taxes and fees is now estimated that about half of the exercise of the Green “education funding” functions.
At present, 90% of the bulk of rural households per capita consumption expenditure below 500 yuan in the nine-year compulsory education in the uncontrolled expansion of charges may be more and more severe deprivation of poor families the right to education. One can not but ask: in the end of compulsory education is not just the obligation of parents to do? Government’s obligation embodied in the Where? It should be given basic education and vocational education to a greater concern?
The next 20 years, how do we protect the right to education? “Education and rejuvenating the country” must “Guoxing education,” there are two outlets.
First, seek truth from facts, the delineation of the implementation of the poverty line based on real geographical scope of free compulsory education to nine-year compulsory education universal together effectively. Full nine-year compulsory education by the central commitment of senior high school education by the local commitment. Recommendations from the central budget from the central, provincial and local currency, the county at all levels of business value-added tax charged in accordance with the different scales in order to return the host county, the excise duty paid in full and also the ratio of return paid in accordance with the above-mentioned counties, nine-year compulsory education to compensate for funding gap; or from the central budget spending considerable funds, the western provinces and autonomous regions in accordance with the full supplement, the amount of easy to supplement the central provinces, autonomous regions, provinces and regions in the eastern part of the principle of small amount of supplement to increase financial transfer payments, as a special nine-year compulsory education expenditure. Second, education can be the issuance of treasury bonds to raise funds by all into the rural infrastructure and vocational education? Out of the protection of citizens the right to education to solve the unemployment problem to talk about resolving the issue of peasants, it is tantamount to asking for the impossible.
The establishment of a social relief system aimed at meeting the people of the urgency
The pursuit of full employment in the implementation of the strategy process, we must establish a social security system had a more cautious attitude. In order to buffer the severe employment pressure brought about by factors of social instability, the Government has used the “two guarantees” and “three support lines.”
The so-called “two guarantees” and one state-owned enterprises to ensure the basic livelihood of laid-off workers, and the other is to ensure the basic livelihood of retired personnel. As for the “three support lines”, it refers to the laid-off workers to provide “basic living expenses” for the unemployed, “unemployment insurance”, as well as unemployed for more than two years to provide “minimum living benefit.” Such a social security system is destined to cover the main cities rather than rural areas, between urban and rural areas is almost bound to lead to higher wall.
The so-called “heartless world,dogs; saints heartless to the people as straw dogs”, China urgently needs is a clear delineation of the poverty line, generally to the whole society to take care of sick and elderly widows and orphans of the social assistance system. Benefits are not large, to the anxious people may have. I am afraid that the Chinese can not afford a government-run social security system, social relief system, if the funds can be good, with good, used by radical groups of the local emergency, then the next 20 years living in China’s social instability on the first shape in a lot of bridge.
1.瞒天过海crossing the sea under camouflage
2.围魏救赵relieving the state of Zhao by besieging the state of Wei
3.借刀杀人killing someone with a borrowed knife
4.以逸待劳waiting at one’s ease for the exhausted enemy
5.趁火打劫plundering a burning house
6.声东击西making a feint to the east and attacking in the west
7.无中生有creating something out of nothing
8.暗渡陈仓advancing secretly by an unknown path
9.隔岸观火watching a fire from the other side of the river
10.笑里藏刀covering the dagger with a smile
11.李代桃僵palming off substitute for the real thing
12.顺手牵羊picking up something in passing
13.打草惊蛇beating the grass to frighten the snake
14.借尸还魂resurrecting a dead soul by borrowing a corpse
15.调虎离山luring the tiger out of his den
16.欲擒故纵letting the enemy off in order to catch him
17.抛砖引玉giving the enemy something to induce him to lose more valuable things
18.擒贼擒王capturing the ringleader first in order to capture all the followers
19.釜底抽薪extracting the firewood from under the cauldron
20.混水摸鱼muddling the water to catch the fish; fishing in troubled waters
21.金蝉脱壳slipping away by casting off a cloak; getting away like the cicada sloughing its skin
22.关门捉贼catching the thief by closing / blocking his escape route
23.远交近攻befriending the distant enemy while attacking a nearby enemy
24.假途伐虢attacking the enemy by passing through a common neighbor
25.偷梁换柱stealing the beams and pillars and replacing them with rotten timbers
26.指桑骂槐reviling/ abusing the locust tree while pointing to the mulberry
27.假痴不癫feigning madness without becoming insane
28.上屋抽梯removing the ladder after the enemy has climbed up the roof
29.树上开花putting artificial flowers on trees
30.反客为主turning from the guest into the host
31.美人计using seductive women to corrupt the enemy
32.空城计presenting a bold front to conceal unpreparedness
33.反间计sowing discord among the enemy
34.苦肉计deceiving the enemy by torturing one’s own man
35.连环计coordinating one stratagem with another
36.走为上decamping being the best; running away as the best choice
马丁路德金的可以么？《I Have a Dream》
I am happy to join with you today in what will go down in history as the greatest demonstration for freedom in the history of our nation.
Five score years ago, a great American, in whose symbolic shadow we stand today, signed the Emancipation Proclamation. This momentous decree came as a great beacon light of hope to millions of Negro slaves who had been seared in the flames of withering injustice. It came as a joyous daybreak to end the long night of their captivity.
But one hundred years later, the Negro still is not free. One hundred years later, the life of the Negro is still sadly crippled by the manacles of segregation and the chains of discrimination. One hundred years later, the Negro lives on a lonely island of poverty in the midst of a vast ocean of material prosperity. One hundred years later, the Negro is still languished in the corners of American society and finds himself an exile in his own land. And so we’ve come here today to dramatize a shameful condition.
In a sense we’ve come to our nation’s capital to cash a check. When the architects of our republic wrote the magnificent words of the Constitution and the Declaration of Independence, they were signing a promissory note to which every American was to fall heir. This note was a promise that all men, yes, black men as well as white men, would be guaranteed the “unalienable Rights” of “Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness.” It is obvious today that America has defaulted on this promissory note, insofar as her citizens of color are concerned. Instead of honoring this sacred obligation, America has given the Negro people a bad check, a check which has come back marked “insufficient funds.”
But we refuse to believe that the bank of justice is bankrupt. We refuse to believe that there are insufficient funds in the great vaults of opportunity of this nation. And so, we’ve come to cash this check, a check that will give us upon demand the riches of freedom and the security of justice.
We have also come to this hallowed spot to remind America of the fierce urgency of Now. This is no time to engage in the luxury of cooling off or to take the tranquilizing drug of gradualism. Now is the time to make real the promises of democracy. Now is the time to rise from the dark and desolate valley of segregation to the sunlit path of racial justice. Now is the time to lift our nation from the quicksands of racial injustice to the solid rock of brotherhood. Now is the time to make justice a reality for all of God’s children.
It would be fatal for the nation to overlook the urgency of the moment. This sweltering summer of the Negro’s legitimate discontent will not pass until there is an invigorating autumn of freedom and equality. Nineteen sixty-three is not an end, but a beginning. And those who hope that the Negro needed to blow off steam and will now be content will have a rude awakening if the nation returns to business as usual. And there will be neither rest nor tranquility in America until the Negro is granted his citizenship rights. The whirlwinds of revolt will continue to shake the foundations of our nation until the bright day of justice emerges.
But there is something that I must say to my people, who stand on the warm threshold which leads into the palace of justice: In the process of gaining our rightful place, we must not be guilty of wrongful deeds. Let us not seek to satisfy our thirst for freedom by drinking from the cup of bitterness and hatred. We must forever conduct our struggle on the high plane of dignity and discipline. We must not allow our creative protest to degenerate into physical violence. Again and again, we must rise to the majestic heights of meeting physical force with soul force.
The marvelous new militancy which has engulfed the Negro community must not lead us to a distrust of all white people, for many of our white brothers, as evidenced by their presence here today, have come to realize that their destiny is tied up with our destiny. And they have come to realize that their freedom is inextricably bound to our freedom.
We cannot walk alone.
And as we walk, we must make the pledge that we shall always march ahead.
We cannot turn back.
There are those who are asking the devotees of civil rights, “When will you be satisfied?” We can never be satisfied as long as the Negro is the victim of the unspeakable horrors of police brutality. We can never be satisfied as long as our bodies, heavy with the fatigue of travel, cannot gain lodging in the motels of the highways and the hotels of the cities. We cannot be satisfied as long as a Negro in Mississippi cannot vote and a Negro in New York believes he has nothing for which to vote. No, no, we are not satisfied, and we will not be satisfied until “justice rolls down like waters, and righteousness like a mighty stream.”
I am not unmindful that some of you have come here out of great trials and tribulations. Some of you have come fresh from narrow jail cells. And some of you have come from areas where your quest — quest for freedom left you battered by the storms of persecution and staggered by the winds of police brutality. You have been the veterans of creative suffering. Continue to work with the faith that unearned suffering is redemptive. Go back to Mississippi, go back to Alabama, go back to South Carolina, go back to Georgia, go back to Louisiana, go back to the slums and ghettos of our northern cities, knowing that somehow this situation can and will be changed.
Let us not wallow in the valley of despair, I say to you today, my friends.
And so even though we face the difficulties of today and tomorrow, I still have a dream. It is a dream deeply rooted in the American dream.
I have a dream that one day this nation will rise up and live out the true meaning of its creed: “We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal.”
I have a dream that one day on the red hills of Georgia, the sons of former slaves and the sons of former slave owners will be able to sit down together at the table of brotherhood.
I have a dream that one day even the state of Mississippi, a state sweltering with the heat of injustice, sweltering with the heat of oppression, will be transformed into an oasis of freedom and justice.
I have a dream that my four little children will one day live in a nation where they will not be judged by the color of their skin but by the content of their character.
I have a dream today!
I have a dream that one day, down in Alabama, with its vicious racists, with its governor having his lips dripping with the words of “interposition” and “nullification” — one day right there in Alabama little black boys and black girls will be able to join hands with little white boys and white girls as sisters and brothers.
I have a dream today!
I have a dream that one day every valley shall be exalted, and every hill and mountain shall be made low, the rough places will be made plain, and the crooked places will be made straight; “and the glory of the Lord shall be revealed and all flesh shall see it together.”?
This is our hope, and this is the faith that I go back to the South with.
With this faith, we will be able to hew out of the mountain of despair a stone of hope. With this faith, we will be able to transform the jangling discords of our nation into a beautiful symphony of brotherhood. With this faith, we will be able to work together, to pray together, to struggle together, to go to jail together, to stand up for freedom together, knowing that we will be free one day.
And this will be the day — this will be the day when all of God’s children will be able to sing with new meaning:
My country ’tis of thee, sweet land of liberty, of thee I sing.
Land where my fathers died, land of the Pilgrim’s pride,
From every mountainside, let freedom ring!
And if America is to be a great nation, this must become true.
And so let freedom ring from the prodigious hilltops of New Hampshire.
Let freedom ring from the mighty mountains of New York.
Let freedom ring from the heightening Alleghenies of
Let freedom ring from the snow-capped Rockies of Colorado.
Let freedom ring from the curvaceous slopes of California.
But not only that:
Let freedom ring from Stone Mountain of Georgia.
Let freedom ring from Lookout Mountain of Tennessee.
Let freedom ring from every hill and molehill of Mississippi.
From every mountainside, let freedom ring.
And when this happens, when we allow freedom ring, when we let it ring from every village and every hamlet, from every state and every city, we will be able to speed up that day when all of God’s children, black men and white men, Jews and Gentiles, Protestants and Catholics, will be able to join hands and sing in the words of the old Negro spiritual:
Free at last! free at last!
Thank God Almighty, we are free at last!